Case Study: Preparing Students for Future Careers

Dr. Jennifer Summers faculty spotlight photo


Graduate instructor, Dr. Jennifer Summers shares how she’s preparing students for their future careers in Occupational Therapy with Packback.

Dr. Jennifer Summers, Assistant Professor


Grand Valley State University


Occupational Science & Therapy


Theoretical Foundations of Occupational Therapy


20 Students

In the Department of Occupational Science & Therapy at Grand Valley State University, students walked into the first day of class excited to learn. It’s the start of their 3-year journey of classroom instruction and clinicals to prepare for the National Board for Certification in Occupational Therapy exam. But their instructor, Dr. Jennifer Summers, walked into the classroom with a bigger goal – to provide students with the skills they’ll need to be successful occupational therapists, and this semester, she used Packback to help.

“When I see my students in front of me, I think of their future clients,” says Dr. Summers. “These are graduate students who are going to enter our profession. We train them to think in a way that is all-encompassing so they’re able to see the bigger picture. We give them knowledge, but critical thinking with transformable learning is our main objective.”


Raised hands illustration.

Dr. Summers found that when students drive class discussions, they’re having more rich conversations that apply theoretical constructs to their lives.


One student in Dr. Summers’ course says she enjoys Packback because it encourages her to ask creative questions about class concepts.


Handshake Illustration.

Dr. Summers views her students as future colleagues and wants them to graduate with the skills to have successful careers in Occupational Therapy.

Incorporating Online Discussion to Improve Application and Critical Thinking Skills

Dr. Summers started teaching in 2015 and has year-round teaching responsibilities while working on tenure. As a registered and licensed OT, Dr. Summers knows the importance of her students’ ability to quickly analyze information and draw conclusions to be successful in the field. “If I just train them to think a skill, they’re going to miss huge pieces of people’s lives,” says Dr. Summers. However, this teaching approach is often challenging for students who are accustomed to massive lecture halls and standardized testing.

In-class, Dr. Summers lays the foundation for students in a familiar way and keeps lectures interesting with videos and surveys. To build her students’ critical thinking skills, Dr. Summers focuses on student-driven discussions. These out-of-class conversations help students make connections to their lives and see the power of critical thinking, but Dr. Summers learned that facilitating student conversations can be overwhelming.

After working with LMS discussion boards for years and being dissatisfied by the quality of discussion, Dr. Summers implemented Packback into her 2017 Fall Theoretical Foundations of Occupational Therapy course. Her unique community had 20 graduate-level students, and she required them to ask one question and respond to two each week. In comparison to other online discussion boards, Dr. Summers says she was surprised to find a spike in the quality of conversation among her students on Packback.

“What I noticed [was] they talked about the theoretical constructs and directly related it to their lives, which I didn’t expect them to do,” says Dr. Summers. “I probably wouldn’t have asked prompts the way they did [and] I actually feel like it’s more of a rich discussion because I did not facilitate the prompt.”

Seeing Students Make Connections

It wasn’t just Dr. Summers who saw a benefit in using Packback. Nada Metti, a graduate student in Dr. Summers’ course, says Packback became a creative way for her to explore class material and understand theories. Unlike Metti’s prior experience with online discussion boards where students summarized notes and lectures, classmates on Packback were discussing concepts interestingly and engagingly.

“I’ve discussed Packback with a few classmates, and we didn’t realize how much we appreciated Packback until this semester, where a lot of our other professors use the typical discussion boards,” says Metti. “Packback allows us to be more creative in the way we ask questions, and I think that’s how we have to be in general. We need to be curious individuals in our field, especially. [Occupational therapy] is very versatile. We have to be more flexible in the way we think and the way we propose ideas.”

“Packback allows us to be more creative in the way we ask questions”

Metti and her peers shared this positive feedback with Dr. Summers and are excited to use Packback for another term. Dr. Summers says she never doubted her students’ ability to think critically and apply theories but explains Packback helped to build and nurture these skills through curious questions.

“To be honest, I’ve [been] impressed with the caliber of students we had, but Packback made it more obvious to me,” says Dr. Summers. “I feel like they did a better job with asking each other hard questions then I would have done with posting the prompts. That’s why I like Packback, cause it’s really supporting our critical thinking process.”